Dr. Sanchika Gupta (Dermatologist) | Dr. Sanchika Gupta (Dermatologist / Trichologist)

Dr. Sanchika Gupta (Dermatologist) | Dr. Sanchika Gupta (Dermatologist / Trichologist)


Dermatology: History, Types, Diseases & Treatment

The skin is the largest organ in the human body and so it is not surprising that dermatologists have a wide range of skills and knowledge.

They are able to diagnose and treat conditions as varied as acne, eczema, psoriasis, skin cancer, and rosacea.

In addition to medical treatments, dermatologists also provide advice on skincare, including how to protect the skin from sun damage and what products to use for various skin types.

Whether you have a specific skin problem that needs addressing or you simply want to learn more about how to take care of your skin, dermatologists can provide invaluable help.


The history of dermatology can be traced back to ancient times when people first began to suffer from skin problems.

The first recorded case of dermatology dates back to the Egyptian medical text known as the Ebers Papyrus, which mentions various skin diseases and treatments.

Since then, dermatologists have continued to treat a wide variety of skin conditions, both common and rare. Today, dermatologists use a variety of techniques to diagnose and treat skin conditions.

These include medical and surgical treatments, as well as cosmetic procedures.

Dermatologists also play an important role in educating people about how to protect their skin from sun damage and other environmental hazards.

Who is a dermatologist?

A dermatologist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the skin, hair, nails, and membranes. The field of dermatology includes both medical and surgical aspects.

A dermatologist may treat conditions that are cosmetic, medical or both. Some common conditions that dermatologists treat include acne, psoriasis, skin cancer, hair loss, and nail fungus.

What does a dermatologist do?

A dermatologist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the skin, hair, and nails. Dermatologists provide care for patients of all ages, from newborns to the elderly.

Dermatologists treat a wide variety of skin conditions, including acne, eczema, psoriasis, skin cancer, and more.

They also provide cosmetic services, such as Botox, fillers, inch loss, laser hair removal & more. If you have a concern about your skin, hair, or nails, see a dermatologist.

Do dermatologists perform surgeries?

Yes, dermatologists do perform surgeries. In fact, many dermatologists are trained in both surgical and non-surgical procedures. Common surgical procedures performed by dermatologists include Mohs micrographic surgery, laser surgery, and excisions (removal of abnormal growths).

  • Mohs micrographic surgery is a type of cancer treatment that involves removing layers of skin one at a time and examining them under a microscope until all of the cancerous cells have been removed.
  • Laser surgery uses a high-energy light beam to remove abnormal growths or to destroy precancerous cells.
  • Excisions involve cutting out the entire growth and stitching the skin back together.

Types of dermatology

There are several different types of dermatology, each focusing on a different area of the skin.

  • Medical dermatology is the most common type, focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of skin conditions.
  • Cosmetic dermatology focuses on improving the appearance of the skin.
  • Surgical dermatology involves procedures such as skin cancer surgery.
  • Pediatric dermatology specializes in treating skin conditions in children.

Medical Dermatology

Medical dermatology is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the skin, hair & nails.

It is a specialty that is concerned with all aspects of the skin, from its structure and function to its diseases and cosmetic concerns.

Dermatologists are medical doctors who have completed specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of skin conditions.

They are experts in the field of medical dermatology and can provide comprehensive care for patients with all types of skin problems.

The most common conditions treated by dermatologists include acne, eczema, psoriasis, skin cancer, pigmentation, fungal infections, and much more.

If you have any concerns about your skin, or if you would like to learn more about medical dermatology, please consult with a board-certified dermatologist.

Conditions treated:

There are countless skin conditions that can be treated by medical dermatologists.

Some of the more common ones include:

  • Acne
  • Acne scars
  • Eczema
  • Psoriasis
  • Warts
  • Pigmentation
  • Birthmarks
  • Scratch marks
  • Skin allergies
  • Vitiligo
  • Freckles
  • Scabies
  • Moles

Cosmetic or aesthetic dermatology

There is a huge demand for cosmetic dermatology services these days. This is because people are becoming more and more aware of the importance of maintaining a good appearance.

Cosmetic dermatology can help you achieve this by improving the condition of your skin. Cosmetic dermatology can be used to treat a wide range of skin conditions, including:

In addition to improving the appearance of your skin, cosmetic dermatology can also help to improve its health.

This is because many skin conditions are caused by underlying problems with the skin’s health. By treating these problems, one can improve his/her overall skin health.

If you are considering using cosmetic dermatology services, it is important to find a reputable provider who has experience in treating the specific condition that you are concerned about.

You should also make sure that you understand all of the risks and benefits associated with the treatment before you proceed.

Pediatric Dermatology

Pediatric dermatologists are experts in the management of diseases of the skin, hair, and nails in infants, children, and adolescents. They are also experts in the cosmetic care of children with birthmarks, birth defects, and other skin disorders.

In addition to managing these conditions, pediatric dermatologists provide guidance to parents on how to care for their child’s skin.

They also work with other members of the healthcare team to ensure that children with skin disorders receive comprehensive care.

Mohs surgeons

A Mohs surgeon is a doctor who specializes in the removal of skin cancer. The Mohs surgery technique was developed in the 1930s by Dr. Frederic Mohs and is considered to be the most effective method for treating basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers.

During Mohs surgery, the doctor removes thin layers of cancerous tissue from the patient’s skin, one at a time. Each layer is then examined under a microscope to check for the presence of cancer cells.

If cancer cells are found, another layer is removed and examined until no more cancer cells are present.

The advantage of Mohs surgery over other skin cancer treatments is that it allows the doctor to precisely target and remove only the cancerous tissue while sparing healthy tissue resulting in a lower risk of scarring and a higher rate of successful treatment.

Dermatology associations in India

Cosmetic Dermatology Society India

Indian Association of Dermatologists, Venereologists, and Leprologists (IADVL)

International Master Course on Aging Science (IMCAS)

Dermatology Societies & Associations in the UK

British Association of Dermatologists

The Primary Care Dermatology Society

European Dermatology Forum

British Medical Laser Association

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